Page 1: Welcome to the Erasmus+ ParaCoach Survey


LJMU’s Research Ethics Committee Approval Reference: 18/SLN/022 


This workforce survey is phase one of the Para Coach Project that seeks to enhance sport coaches' learning, mobility and employment across the European Union. The results gained through the survey will be available on the project website and used to develop a European Para Coach Framework and free Massive Online Course. Hence your knowledge, education and experiences as a Para Coach is vital to developing understanding of this specific sporting context and the athletes you coach.

The Para Coach

In line with Liverpool John Moores University ethnical guidelines (Reference 18/SLN/022) to participate in this study each Para coach needs to be:

(1) actively coaching participants with impairment / disability

(2) over the age of 17

(3) qualified as a sport coach, or recognised by a relevant sports body as a coach

Therefore, if you have been invited to volunteer for this study it is likely that a member of your organisation, or relevant sports body has identified you as actively coaching participants with impairment / disability. However, in order for you to make an informed decision to participate or decline participation, it is vitally important that you read the information under ethical considerations (see below) and where necessary discuss with others prior to undertaking the survey.

The Survey Team

If you have any questions relating to the completion of the survey please contact one of the representatives from the project partners:

Liverpool John Moores University (UK & EU wide)

Dr Amy Whitehead - email:        tel: 0151 2314613

Mr Tabo Huntley – email:             tel: 0151 2314604

ICCE - Karen Livingstone - email:  

European Paralympic Committee:

Saskia Kanfer - email:

Hungarian Paralympic Committee:

Csuri Ferenc Nandor - email:

Netherlands Olympic Committee:

Lars Cornelissen - email:

Institute of sport. Polish Olympic Committee:

Piotr Marek - email -

Ethnical Considerations

1. The purpose of this study
The aim of this survey is to collect data from coaches out in the field to (a) understand the current landscape, (b) what current coach education support there is across Europe and (c) explore any gaps in provision/knowledge or professional development. To do so, the survey consists of three sections: Coach Demographic’ Coach Education and Training and Athlete disability. Data from this survey will be use to inform, support and shape other subsequent sections of the project.

2. Why have I been invited to participate?
You have been invited to participate in the project as a member of your organisation, or relevant sports body has identified you as a an active coach of participants with disabilities. Therefore, we would like you to consider becoming a subject for this study.
To be considered for inclusion, you need to be:
(1) An active coach of participants with disabilities
(2) Over the age of 17
(3) Qualified as a sport coach, or recognised by a relevant sports body as a coach.

3. Do I have to take part?
No. It’s your decision whether or not to take part. If you do decide to take part, you will be asked to complete the online survey via a link. Your participation in this study is voluntary, in that you do not have to become involved nor do you have to give any explanation for choosing not to participate. Choosing not to participate will have no consequences for you and will have no adverse effects on your rights. Equally, should you choose to participate in the study you are free to terminate your participation at any point in the process without having to give an explanation and with no consequences for yourself and no adverse effects on your rights or services, you receive.

4. What will happen to me if I take part?
If you consent to completing the survey, your participation will involve the following:

a.      Completion of a survey via an online link that will take on average 15-20 minutes to complete

b.     If you provide an email contact at the end of the survey, you may be contacted to be asked about aspects of the research in more detail (for example, clarification of statements).

5. What are the possible disadvantages and risks of taking part?
Due to the nature of the research design, through an online survey, any disadvantages, risks or discomfort from taking part are proposed to be minimal. However, if any questions cause you discomfort or concern, you can terminate your participation immediately. You are free to withdraw from participation without any adverse effect to your rights. The research team is also aware that participants are giving up there time to participate and that this may cause an inconvenience.

6. What are the possible benefits of taking part?
The potential benefits of completing the survey are (1) your participation gives the project team a clearer picture of Para coaching in Europe (2) the use of your data may assist in the formation and development of learning materials and inform other aspects of the ParaCoach project all of which has the wider potential to positively impact quality provision for Para athletes.

7. What will happen to the data provided and how will my taking part in this project be kept confidential?
The information you provide as part of the study is the research study data. Any research study data from which you can be identified (e.g. from identifiers such as your name, date of birth, audio recording etc.), is known as personal data.
Due to the design of this study, no personal data will be collected; as data cannot be identified to an individual, (e.g. data collected anonymously).
There is a drawback to this approach, once individual data is submitted it could not be withdrawn from the study. Therefore, it is important that you consider carefully your participation.
Data will be stored confidentially for as long as it is necessary to verify and defend, when required, the process and outcomes of research. The time period is 5 years. Data will only be accessible to the research team, and data will not be transferred outside of the European Economic Area.

8. Limits to confidentiality
Due to the nature of the study and the anonymised nature of responses, confidentiality is a key aspect of the research.

9. What will happen to the results of the research project?
The research team intends to use the research in three ways (1) data will be used to inform other aspects of the project and in reports to key partners (2) data will be used to support the development of learning materials and (3) in the production of academic papers.

10. Who is organising and funding/commissioning the study?
This study is led by Liverpool John Moores University and funded/commissioned by Erasmus+ and the European Union. The funder/commissioner seeks to enhance sport coaches' learning, mobility and employment through the eventual development of a Para-Disability European Sport Coaching Framework (PDESCF).

11. Who has reviewed this study?
This study has been reviewed by, and received ethics clearance through, the Liverpool John Moores University Research Ethics Committee (Reference number: 18/SLN/022).

12. What if something goes wrong?
If you have a concern about any aspect of this study, please contact the relevant investigator who will do their best to answer your query. The researcher should acknowledge your concern within 10 working days and give you an indication of how they intend to deal with it. If you wish to make a complaint, please contact the chair of the Liverpool John Moores University Research Ethics Committee ( and your communication will be re-directed to an independent person as appropriate.

13. Data Protection Notice
The data controller for this study will be Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU). The LJMU Data Protection Office provides oversight of LJMU activities involving the processing of personal data, and can be contacted at This means that we are responsible for looking after your information and using it properly. LJMU’s Data Protection Officer can also be contacted at The University will process your personal data for the purpose of research. Research is a task that we perform in the public interest.
Your rights to access, change or move your information are limited, as we need to manage your information in specific ways in order for the research to be reliable and accurate. If you withdraw from the study, we will keep the information about you that we have already obtained.
You can find out more about how we use your information by contacting
If you are concerned about how your personal data is being processed, please contact LJMU in the first instance at If you remain unsatisfied, you may wish to contact the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO). Contact details, and details of data subject rights, are available on the ICO website at:

14. Contact for further information:

If you have any further questions regarding the ethical aspects or the completion of the survey please contact: Dr Amy Whitehead, Liverpool John Moores University, School of Sport Studies, Leisure and Nutrition, I.M. Marsh Campus, Barkhill Road, Aigburth, Liverpool, L17 6BD. Email: Telephone: 0151 231 4613

Thank you for reading this information sheet and taking time to consider your support for the project.

Kindest regards

Project Team